What is an ISBN & How to get an ISBN for your Book
If you write or are into publishing books you probably already know what an ISBN is.But for the ones who have no idea about it, you have landed on the right spot. When you design your book, make sure you pay attention to getting the ISBN right. In this article, we are going to discuss everything important that you need to know about ISBNs.
What does ISBN stand for?
ISBN is short form of International Standard Book Number. ISBN numbers used to be 10 digits in length until the end of December 2006. But from 1st January 2007, they are now 13 digits long.
ISBN numbers are calculated with the help of a special mathematical formula. They include a check digit that validates the number. Every ISBN number is known to consist of five elements. Each of the sections is separated using hyphens and spaces. The five elements include:
- Prefix element
- Registration group element
- Registrant element
- Publication element
- Check digit
What is an ISBN number used for?
ISBN numbers are mainly used by booksellers, publishers, internet retailers, libraries and all the other supply chain participants. It is used for listing, ordering, sales records, and stock control purposes. With the help of the ISBN Number, you can also identify the specific title, format, edition and the registrant as well.
The ISBN number system is recognized worldwide. Using this standardized format, publishers all around the world are able to identify their work. Every edition or title must carry a unique identified ISBN number. You can say that an ISBN of a book is similar to a license plate of a car. This guarantees that each of the book types is identified uniquely.
How much does an ISBN cost?
The cost of a single ISBN is $125, but if you buy 10 ISBNs together, it is going to cost you $250. If you increase the number and buy 100s of them then it is going to come at a price of $575. Also, 1000 ISBNs cost $1000. From the ISBN pricing structure, it is clear that the price drops as you buy a number of ISBNs. Therefore, it is best to buy ISBNs in bulk so you can avail it at a cheaper price.
What is the purpose of an ISBN?
Many of you may want to know the purpose of using an ISBN number. The fact that the format is used by publishers worldwide has to have at least some purpose.
The main purpose of an ISBN number is to establish and identify one edition or title from one specific publisher and that particular number is unique to that very edition. Using ISBNs are actually beneficial for the publishers as it allows them for more efficient marketing of their books or products. This is why every library, wholesaler, retailer, university, and distributor makes use of this standardized format.
How to read an ISBN with examples?
Reading an ISBN number is easy only if you know the right way to do so. Here is how you can learn to read or understand an ISBN number.
Let’s take a 10 digit example:
You can see that the number is divided into 4 combinations. But only three of them are useful. The first digit 0 is just the initial number.
- 0 is basically the language group identifier. In this case, it indicates English.
- The next 6 digits are the publisher identifier.
- The next two digits are the title identifier. This is assigned by the publisher himself to a specific edition or particular book.
- The last single digit is the check digit which is calculated mathematically. This helps in assuring that the rest of the ISBN has been scanned or recorded accurately.
Since 2007, the new format of 13 digits has been introduced. You need to apply the same process to read it. The only difference is that it adds 978 at the beginning which identifies the following series of numbers as an ISBN.
What is the ISBN number of books?
The ISBN number on a book can be located on its back cover right next to the barcode. In case, if the book doesn’t have its ISBN number on the back, look for it on the page featuring the publisher information and copyright.
An ISBN number is assigned to a book or title so that they can be identified uniquely. Even when a publisher reprints the book, they use the same ISBN number.
Does ISBNs expire?
The idea behind ISBNs is that a single ISBN cannot be used for more than one book. This means you need to get a new ISBN for every book that you want to publish.
Also, you need to purchase separate ISBNs for the paperback and eBook version of the same book.
As ISBN number is very useful for a publisher and that’s why every one of them assigns a specific number to their book or title. The ISBN can help you to learn about the title, edition, publisher and the details about the book. Now the main question is how you do do you do it.
There is this site called ISBN search(https://isbnsearch.org). When you type in the ISBN number of a book or title in the Search Box, it will fetch you all the details you wish to know. This is the easiest way of searching for a book using the ISBN number. Also, it is both reliable and accurate. You can use this search engine to find the best prices for the books as well. All you need to do is type in the ISBN number given on the back cover.
How to read a barcode?
An ISBN number is graphically represented as a barcode. The digits and coding printed have a certain value through which you can retrieve the book and the publisher information.
The difference between ASIN and ISBN
In order to understand the difference between ASIN and ISBN, you need to understand what they are used for.
ASIN stands for Amazon Standard Identification Number which is known to consist of a unique combination of 10 numbers or letters. It is used to easily identify items. Every time a new product is uploaded on the Amazon site, a new ASIN is assigned to the product. If you check the product detail page, you can find the ASIN number. The ASIN number is known to vary if the product is sold in the US and other marketplaces.
On the other hand, ISBN stands for International Standard Book Numbers. This is used as a unique identifier by commercial books along with a barcode. Every book that you read comes with an ISBN number which comprises of 10 or 13 digits. You can find the ISBN number on the back of the book cover. Books do not have ASIN numbers.
From the above distinction, it is clear that ASIN and ISBN are different formats but they serve the same purpose for a product.
Reasons self-published Authors need ISBNs
If you want to sell your eBook on Amazon, you don’t have to assign an ISBN number as Amazon will assign an ASIN number itself. But mind you that’s only for Amazon. In case, you want to print your book then you are going to need an ISBN number. This is more important when you want your book to be available through libraries or want to deal with retailers and wholesalers.
How to buy an ISBN?
If you are self-published author, chances are that you don’t have to buy an ISBN. That’s because of the services provided to self-published authors. There are many self-publishing companies that can help you to get your ISBN.
Problems with multiple ISBNs
If you have multiple ISBNs for the same book, it can actually create many problems for you. The worst part is that the problems will repeat every time you find a new way of distributing your book. But this will eventually lead to having multiple ISBNs from different publishers, all for the same book. In this case, it’s going to make you look very unprofessional. Also, there are many stores that will refuse to stock your books because of this very reason. However, you can solve all these problems by buying your own ISBN number.
Libraries and ISBNs
If you wish to make your books available in a library, you need to have an ISBN for your book. Since libraries have become an important part of the distribution of eBooks, you cannot afford to ignore this chance. Therefore, having an ISBN is a must.
How to get an ISBN?
Many of you may not know this, but ISNBs are available for free in many countries. It is either provided by a publicly administered branch or by the government. The best way to get your ISBN number is to go to a local ISBN agency. ISBNs are assigned locally, but you can still use them internationally.
How to register your book an ISBN?
As soon as you get hold of your ISBN number, you are required to get it registered at Bowkerlink (https://www.bowkerlink.com/corrections/common/home.asp). This is basically an automated tool that will add your book to the site. After this, you can easily publish your book anywhere you want. If you want, you can even publish your book internationally.
How many ISBNs to get?
Before diving into this topic, let us first clear a few things:
You can use an ISBN number only once. If you have already assigned an ISBN to a book, it becomes a unique identification of that particular book. You cannot use the same ISBN on any other book even if you want to. For every specific version and format of the book, you need to have an ISBN number.
If you have only one book to publish, buying one ISBN will do.
ISBN resources to make it easier
Here are some ISBN resources that will make things easier for you.
- International ISBN Agency
- Bowkerlink Publisher Access System
- U.s Copyright Office
- Bowker Identifier Services
- ISBN.org by Bowker
An ISBN is a must-have for every book that you publish. Now that you know the details of the ISBN format, you can understand its importance. If you are a self-publishing author, you need to have knowledge about the ISBN number. It is the vital part of book when you want to publish.You also need to know about the ASIN system, if you have plans to publish your book on Amazon. Both the formats are different but they serve the same purpose. Hopefully, this article could provide you with the details you were looking for.